Chat with us, powered by LiveChat PPT presentation of 5 or More slides analyzing the assigned topics “ Weybrecht readings .Please find the attached book and go through chapter 7 and 18 and make slides. Chapter - Wridemy Essaydoers

PPT presentation of 5 or More slides analyzing the assigned topics “ Weybrecht readings .Please find the attached book and go through chapter 7 and 18 and make slides. Chapter

 PPT presentation of 5 or More slides analyzing the assigned topics – Weybrecht readings .Please find the attached book and go through chapter 7 and 18 and make slides.

Chapter 7: Economics

Chapter 18: What will the future bring

Praise for fi rst and second editions

Second edition “The fi rst edition is a spectacular book – its message: green business is good

business for any business. The new edition is even better, and includes every

component of an MBA program – from accounting to personnel manage-

ment. Who should read it? Students, those about to start a business, employ-

ees, government offi cials, staff of global organizations concerned with private

sector development, and the general public. Ms Weybrecht’s book is a genuine

service to our planet.”

Guy Pfeffermann, CEO, Global Business School Network

“We know that the greening of London’s businesses will be essential for our economy in the coming years. The Sustainable MBA will help graduates develop the vision and expertise to lead such change.”

Matthew Pencharz, Senior Advisor Environment & Energy to the Mayor of London

“Giselle Weybrecht provides practical insights for business schools to include sustainability in education and their daily operations. The Sustainable MBA will be a great inspiration for any academic institu- tion … as well as business leaders and entrepreneurs. Giselle shows that

sustainability is feasible for every type of organization regardless of size

and industry.” Jonas Haertle, Head, UN

Principles for Responsible Management Education

“Ms Weybrecht has written a useful book for anyone who cares to do some- thing about tomorrow, today. The Sustainable MBA provides champions with knowledge and tools to affect change and instills hesitant believers

with the confi dence to act. For business professors, Ms Weybrecht demon-

strates how each of us can amplify our own social impact by developing

more forward-thinking, responsible citizens and business leaders for our

future.” Dan Le Clair, EVP & COO, AACSB

(Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business)

“The Sustainable MBA is a comprehensive look at sustainability within all functions of business. It’s a wonderful foundation for any business person

trying to grasp the full scope and importance of sustainability.” Dr Tima Bansai, Executive Director, Network for Business Sustainability

First edition “…The Sustainable MBA presents a timely and important case for compre- hensively integrating ESG issues into business training.”

Ernst Ligteringen, Chief Executive, Global Reporting Initiative

“The role of business is to make the world a better place … The Sustainable MBA will help us along this road with its abundance of thinking, tools, and resources.”

Kevin Roberts, CEO Worldwide, Saatchi & Saatchi

“Giselle has provided practicing managers with this helpful and thought- provoking green business guide.”

Sir Andrew Likierman, Dean, London Business School

“If people are central to the purpose of a business, then corporate respon- sibility or sustainability cannot be an add-on … Giselle Weybrecht, in

her comprehensive book, perhaps fi rst of its kind, has shown how this can

actually happen. The book is a must for management students, researchers

and practitioners.” Anant G. Nadkarni, Vice President,

Corporate Sustainability, Tata Group

“… this book should be read by CEOs, CFOs, CSOs (the new breed of chief sus-

tainability offi cers) and everyone else in – or aspiring to enter – the C-Suite.” John Elkington, Co-Founder of Environmental

Data Services, SustainAbility and Volans

“An essential read for managers and entrepreneurs alike…” Tom Szaky, CEO, Terracycle

“This groundbreaking book … is full of useful tips and advice for those look- ing to apply sustainability to their job, whatever job or business that may be.”

Liz Maw, Executive Director, Net Impact

“… I hope The Sustainable MBA book becomes a prerequisite text for all MBA programmes as sustainability is a key issue that the next generation

of managers cannot afford to miss.”

Professor Eric Cornuel, Director General & CEO, EFMD (European Foundation of Management Development)

“…This book is a timely resource which will enable and empower many sectors of society to ‘fast forward’ their sustainable journeys.”

Martin Hancock, Chief Operating Offi cer, Westpac London and Former Chair United Nations Environment

Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI)

The Sustainable

MBA A Business Guide to



Giselle Weybrecht

This edition fi rst published 2014 © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd First edition published 2010 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Registered offi ce

John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Weybrecht, Giselle. The sustainable MBA : a business guide to sustainability / Giselle Weybrecht.— Second Edition. pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-118-76063-5 (cloth) 1. Management—Environmental aspects. 2. Business enterprises—Environmental aspects. 3. Sustainable development. 4. Social responsibility of business. I. Title. HD30.255.W49 2014 658.4'083—dc23 2013024208

Cover design: Rogue Four Design

Set in 11/15pt ITC Garamond by MPS Limited, Chennai, India Printed in Great Britain by TJ International Ltd, Padstow, Cornwall, UK, an ISO14001 Environmental Management System Certifi ed Company, using vegetable-based ink and FSC® paper

Para mis abuelos

Elena y Antonio Paulino,

por sus vidas llenas de entusiasmo,

alegria y entrega a los demas.


Preface xv

Acknowledgments xix


Chapter 1: About this Book 3

Who is The Sustainable MBA for and why should I read it? 5 What you will fi nd in The Sustainable MBA 7 How The Sustainable MBA is organized 9 Ideas on how to use this book 9

Planet Earth fact sheet 10

Chapter 2: What is Sustainability? 13

The basics 14 Other defi nitions 16

Sustainable development: A global effort 19 Working together: Stakeholders in sustainability 21

Chapter 3: What does this Mean for Business? 23

The business case 24 The sustainability sales pitch 30

Chapter 4: The Sustainability Journey 33

The journey 34 What does a leading company look like? 37

Chapter 5: Getting Started 41

Step by step 42 Getting past internal excuses 48

viii Contents


Chapter 6: Accounting 55

Why is it important? 56 The key concepts 58

Full or true cost accounting 58 Materiality 61 Key performance indicators 64 Measuring social impact 67 Sustainability in fi nancial statements 68 Integrated reporting 70 Assurance 72

Challenges? 75 Trends and new ideas 76

Bringing it all together 76 Increased disclosure 77 Recognizing unrecognized assets 78 Different forms of reporting 78 Shadow reporting 79

Sustainability reporting 81

Chapter 7: Economics 85

Why is it important? 86 The key concepts 87

Sustainable consumption 88 The commons 90 Externalities 92 Market-based incentives 93 Re-evaluating GDP 97 Emerging markets 99

Challenges? 103 Trends and new ideas 104

Alternative trading systems 104 A new economic model 105 Estimating the cost of inaction 107 From free to fee 108 Valuing future generations 108 Regulatory instruments 109

Environmental valuation 111 Business and the world’s poor 117

Chapter 8: Entrepreneurship 123

Why is it important? 124 The key concepts 125

Contents ix

Social/environmental entrepreneurs 126 Exploring new business models 129 Making changes from within 130 Generating ideas 133 Funding 136

Challenges? 139 Trends and new ideas 140

Merging and selling 140 Microbusinesses 140 Social stock exchange 141 Working with big business 142 Marketing on a shoestring 143

Some advice for entrepreneurs 146 Cooperatives 148

Chapter 9: Ethics and Corporate Governance 153

Why is it important? 154 The key concepts 155

Business and human rights 156 Labor and working conditions 159 Ethics and the individual manager 162 Corporate governance 165 Corruption 167 Bribery 169 The power of media 171

Challenges? 173 Trends and new ideas 174

Transparency and honesty 174 The company of the future 175 Fair trade 176 Crowdsourcing the truth 176 Whistleblowing 177

The role of the CEO 180

Chapter 10: Finance 183

Why is it important? 184 The key concepts 186

Sustainable investment 186 Integrating ESG 189 Fiduciary responsibilities 193 Shareholder engagement 195 Ratings and indexes 198 Project fi nance 201

Challenges? 203

x Contents

Trends and new ideas 205 Cross-disciplinary collaboration 205 New landscape for corporate ownership 206 Long-term value 207 The role of the CFO 208 Insurance sector 209 A new kind of bank 209

Microfi nance 212

Chapter 11: Marketing 217

Why is it important? 218 The key concepts 219

People 220 Products 224 Price 226 Place 229 Packaging 232 Eco-labels 236 Social marketing 239 Cause-related marketing 242

Challenges? 244 Trends and new ideas 245

Green = inexpensive 246 Eco-iconic to eco-embedded 246 Understanding how people think 247 Communicating with the customer virtually 248 Popups 248 Buycotts 249 The barcode reinvented 249

Advertising dos and don’ts 250

Chapter 12: Operations 255

Why is it important? 256 The key concepts 258

Eco-design 259 ‘Green’ chemistry 261 Doing more with less 264 Sustainable technology 265 Suppliers and contractors 268 Transportation 271 Waste management 274

Challenges? 280 Trends and new ideas 280

Contents xi

Inspiration from nature 281 Products that do more 281 Traceability 282 Manufacturing differently 283 Instant feedback 283 Exploring new materials 284 Co-creation 284

Lifecycle assessment 286 Information technology/information systems 290

Chapter 13: HR and Organizational Behavior 295

Why is it important? 296 The key concepts 297

Creating a culture of sustainability 298 Communication 300 Recruiting 302 Employee engagement 304 Motivation and rewards 307 Talent development and training 308

Challenges? 311 Trends and new ideas 312

Linking pay and sustainability 312 Diversity 313 Skills for sustainability 314 Creating great workplaces 315 Changing the way we talk 316 Rise of the CSO 317

Managing change 319

Chapter 14: Strategy 323

Why is it important? 324 The key concepts 325

The wider business environment 326 Understanding where you stand 328 Understanding risks 331 Sustainability strategies 334 Goals and targets 337 Working with others 339 Infl uencing change 343

Challenges? 346 Trends and new ideas 347

Zero and 100% 347 Getting your customers involved 347

xii Contents

Instant information 348 Strategic philanthropy 349 Transformation of partners 349

Why do initiatives fail? 350 Stakeholder engagement 352


Chapter 15: Tools for Monitoring, Managing, and Improving Performance 363

Assessments 364 Audits 368 Environmental and social management systems 370 Standards 373

Chapter 16: Tools for Greening Offices and Buildings 377

Steps for setting up offi ce greening programs 379 Buildings 380 Energy 382 Water 383 Waste and recycling 385 Paper 386 Electronics 387 All those other little things 389 Commuting to work 390 Organizing green events and meetings 392 Putting together a green team 394

Performance contracting 397


Chapter 17: What Can I Do? 401

As an employee – leading by example 402 How to turn any job into a green job 404

As a consumer – putting your money where your mouth is 405 A simple guide to making choices as a consumer 407

As a citizen – be active in your community 407

Chapter 18: What will the Future Bring? 409

Twenty-one wise words of advice 412

Contents xiii

Additional resources: Who, what, where, and how 415

Who: Different groups involved in sustainability 415 What: Sustainability issues 419 Where: Sustainability around the world 425 How: Keeping up to date 430

Endnotes 435

Index 439


I ’m excited to be writing this preface for the second edition of The

Sustainable MBA . The past few years since the book fi rst came out

have been a whirlwind, and it has been really encouraging to see

how well the book has been received.

Sustainability is such an exciting and constantly evolving fi eld,

and is an area that I have been involved in now for many years.

I was active at a very young age in sustainable development on a

local, national, and international level. Throughout my undergradu-

ate studies and for many years after, I worked within the United

Nations system on sustainability issues. In 2002, when attending

the World Summit on Sustainable Development in South Africa, I

was introduced to a range of projects that the business sector was

starting to carry out around this topic and remember thinking how

effective it would be if we could combine their expertise, knowl-

edge, reach, and budget with our work. The challenge was that we

just didn ’t speak the same language. They had PowerPoint presen-

tations and we had fl ipcharts.

So in 2005, much to the surprise of many of my colleagues who

believed that the business sector was responsible for a lot of the

problems we were trying to solve – and that the MBA was where

these business leaders were being trained to do just that – I left

Paris for London to pursue an MBA at the London Business School.

I wanted to learn the language and see how to connect these differ-

ent worlds in order to really move us forward in this fi eld.

When I started the MBA I found that students were interested in

sustainability, but didn ’t know how to balance that interest with

their career plans. Many believed it was a choice they had to make,

xvi Preface

you either go into business or you go into something more ‘mean-

ingful’ for society, like an NGO or a charity. At the time, and unfor-

tunately to this day, I am surprised at how little these issues are

brought up in classes, and when they are they aren ’t being brought

up in a way that is useful or relevant to the majority of students

(although this is slowly changing and there are some champions

doing great work in universities around the world). This doesn ’t

just relate to the MBA, but equally to other disciplines as well as

organized company training programs.

This is when I thought, imagine the impact we could have if all the

students graduating from business and other programs around

the world were not just learning what sustainability is but also how

to put it into practice in any job or organization in a way that ben-

efi ts not just the environment and society but, and perhaps more

importantly, the business itself. These graduates – whether they are

from business or other disciplines such as law, politics, architec-

ture, etc. – fi nd their way into virtually every type of organization,

from business to NGOs to government. Imagine the impact they

could have if they were equipped with the skills and knowledge to

make sustainability a reality in all of those organizations. We would

then, and relatively quickly, start seeing a change in organizations

from the bottom up. This is when I started to get interested in the

untapped potential of graduates and employees in making sustain-

ability a reality.

During the second year of my MBA I decided to explore further

the role sustainability had in business, but more importantly how to

equip individuals with the skills to understand and fulfi ll that role.

I looked at the curriculum and found that in order to really reach all

students and not just the ones who were interested, the information

needed to be embedded and stand alongside the material already

being taught. So I started a booklet that could be made available

to students and alumni about sustainability. It would be organized

according to the different classes taught in the MBA, so that stu-

dents could easily follow it and use it as part of their courses. The

Preface xvii

idea was so well received that I started exploring how to scale up

the idea. Rosemary at John Wiley & Sons believed in the project

and provided the opportunity to turn the booklet into a book. So,

post-graduation I set off to interview over 150 CEOs, business lead-

ers, sustainability experts, and academics from around the world

to make a resource for readers that was as relevant and useful as


I put my heart and soul into the fi rst edition of the book and

was thrilled to see how well it was received. I wanted to create a

tool that could be used not just to raise the level of awareness and

understanding of sustainability, but also to provide guidance on

how to make it part of any business or any job. The book is aimed

at a wide audience: entrepreneurs looking to develop a new busi-

ness idea, employees interested in seeing how this could be part of

their job or organization, managers wanting to explore how it could

help push their business forward, CEOs and upper management

looking to understand what this all means, consumers who want

to make more sustainable choices on a daily basis, and individuals

who just want to understand what is happening in sustainability

and business. There are also hundreds of faculty members who

use the book to inspire changes in the way they teach their busi-

ness classes and even more students who use it as core reading.

Businesses around the world are using it to inspire and educate

their employees to make sustainability a part of their job.

We – as individuals, as groups – have a lot more power than

people think. At the end of the day businesses are made up of

people just like us, who make decisions on a daily basis that affect

the world we live in. The decision to change a supplier, to give

your team members time to explore these issues, can have a huge

impact. Our choices as a consumer send messages to companies

about what we are and are not willing to buy and support. To make

a difference you do not have to quit your job and volunteer with a

not for profi t. The biggest infl uence we can have is by changing

the businesses and organizations we work for from the inside out.

xviii Preface

We need to take sustainability out of specialized departments and

make it part of everyone ’s job.

So here is the second edition. It contains quite a few updates,

new resources, and trends as well as some new sections on topics

that are becoming increasingly important in the fi eld of sustain-

ability and business. I have also developed a range of additional

resources on my website ( that may

help with your journey.

I hope that this book will inspire and give readers ideas on how

they can get further engaged in sustainability, and that it will help

to develop a whole new generation of business leaders who speak

the language of sustainability and are ready to really move things

forward in remarkable new ways.


Between the fi rst and second editions I have interviewed over 150

CEOs, business leaders, sustainability experts, authors, NGOs, inter-

national organizations, academics, and students from around the

world. So many people have been engaged and supportive of this

project, too many to list here. I apologize in advance for those names

I will inevitably miss. Thank you to the following people for agree-

ing to be interviewed, for reading through drafts, for sharing your

passion for these issues, and for providing various bits of inspira-

tion: Roger Adams at ACCA, Stathis Gould at IFAC, Neil Earnshaw at

Enviroman, Chris Tuppen at Fronesys, Rob Gray at CSEAR, Rachel

Bird and Ilana Tabu at ICAEW, Michelle Molnar at David Suzuki

Foundation, Anthony Pullin at Midcounties Co-operatives and the

International Year for Cooperatives, James Gifford from UNPRI,

Parvez Ahmed at the University of North Florida, Mark Hoffman

at KPMG, Robyn Tomiko Tsukayama at the Harvard Offi ce of

Sustainability, Andrew Williams at Eighteen Rabbit, Nancy Furlow

at Marymount University, Mary Gentile at Babson, Emily Horgan at

CAO, Wim Vanderkerckhove at the University of Greenwich, Vincent

Tophoff at IFAC, Phillippa White at TIE, Victoria Brooks, Lisa Calvano

at West Chester University, Kofo Adeleke, Leticia Greyling, Rhodes

Business School, Samantha Putt del Pino and Eliot Metzger, World

Resource Institute, Scott Houston, independent consultant, Claire

Thwaits at the Gordon Institute of Business Science, Kevin Roberts,

Richard Hytner, Jane Kendall, Roger Kennedy and Fleur Diston at

Saatchi and Saatchi, Sean Ansett at At Stake Advisors, Anders Aspling

at GRLI, Roger Bancroft at GreenEarth Cleaning, Shima Barakat and

Shai Vyakarnam at the University of Cambridge, Leeora Black and

xx Acknowledgments

Gail Rehbein at ACCSR, Richard Boele at Banarra, Gib Bulloch and

Peter Lacy at Accenture, Alice Chapple at Forum for the Future,

David Collison at the University of Dundee, Jackson Carroll at

McKinsey, Peggy Cunningham at Queen ’s University, Kim Custard,

Nancy Parker, Jeremy Lardeau and Andrew Smith at PWC, Rebecca

Dixon and Susanna Jacobson at Mercer, John Elkington at Volans,

Jed Emerson and Lila Preston at GenerationIM, Neil Earnshaw at

Enviroman, Stephanos Fotiou, Cornis Lugt, Peter Graham and Sonia

Valdivia at UNEPTIE, Katie Fry, Maggie Brenneke and Jodie Thorpe

at SustainAbility, Martin Hancock at Westpac, Debra Zupancic,

Alan Knight and Daniel Waistell at Accountability, David Logan

at Corporate Citizenship, Adam Ognall at UKSIF, Nick Robins at

HSBC, Richard Peters at NAB, Simon Pickard at EABIS, Stephanie

Robertson at SiPMACT, John Scott at PepsiCo, Graham Sim at GE,

Laura Somoggi at Unilever, Mark Wade at Shell, Shauna Sadowski

at Clif Bar, Robert Tacon at UNEPFI, John Talberth at Redefi ning

Progress, Katherine Teh-White at Futureye, Karen Wilson and Bert

Twaalfhoven at EFER, Kameel Virjee at the World Bank, Anne

Wallin at Dow Chemicals, Will Oulton at FTSE, Brad Whitaker at

Schlumberger, Justin Golbach at The Aspen Institute, David Roth at

WPP, author Bob Willard, members of the AIESEC and OIKOS net-

works, Jeremy Higgs, Ramanie Kunanayagam, Ila Panik, Svetlana

Ignatieva, Peter Arias, Scott McCormick, Sayida Vanenburg, David

Murray, Gavin Murray, Henna Jain, Jay Walljasper, Leif Holmberg,

Malcolm Fox, Aleksandar Maricic, Ed Perkins, Pete Spark and Adrian

Ruiz Carvajal, the London Business School Community including all

the students and alumni who took the time to speak to me, in par-

ticular John Mullins, Andrew Scott, Andrea Masini, Caitlin Anstee,

Michael Blowfi eld, Dennis Oswald, Rob Goffee, Anne Sandford,

Gareth Howells, Mohan Madireddi and John Stopford. Dave Challis,

Katherine Madden and the World Business Council for Sustainable

Development Future Leaders Team, the incredible global alumni

community from Bearhs Environmental Leadership Program at

Berkeley (including Bill Sonnenschein), and fellow members of Net

Impact around the world.

Acknowledgments xxi

A big thank you to Rosemary, Nick, and the whole team at John

Wiley & Sons for making this possible . . . again, and to all the busi-

nesses and business schools who have used the book with their

employees and students.

An especially big thank you to Alison Clayson, Bryan Mundell,

Ariel Speicher, Al Martine, Andrew Likierman, Michael Kelly and

Connie Giordano who helped immensely in making the fi rst edi-

tion a reality. Thank you to Paul Woolfenden for his inspirational

chats and fantastic illustrations.

A little thank you to the dolphins at the Curacao Dolphin

Academy, the guide dog puppies in Cambridgeshire, the kangaroos

in Oz, and my mountain bike in Texas who all provided hours of

inspiration and constructive distraction time for both the fi rst and

second editions.

Thank you to Howard and Joyce Mills. The biggest thank you

goes to my family, to my parents Earl and Elena Weybrecht, my

brother Michael, and my aunt Carmen for their patience, love and

continued support.

Thank you to my wonderful Luca for not joining us until right

after I handed in the second edition. Last but not least, without you

Rich I wouldn ’t have been able to do any of it.

This book is dedicated to my grandparents (the dedication is writ-

ten in Spanish): To my grandparents Elena and Antonio Paulino, for

their lives full of enthusiasm, joy and generosity to others.



About this book

What is sustainability?

What does this mean for business?

The sustainability journey

Getting started

1 About this Book

‘Your Chinese clock radio sounds, waking you up

with news from the BBC, and you slip out of your

Egyptian cotton sheets and into the shower. You

dry off and put on underwear from El Salvador,

jeans from Lesotho, and your favourite blue shirt

from Sri Lanka. A cup of Tanzanian coffee, some

Brazilian orange juice, and you ’re off to work in

your Japanese car – assembled in Kentucky, powered

by gasoline from Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, and Russia.

Good morning!’ WORLDCHANGING

4 The Sustainable MBA

The world we live in today is ever shrinking, and although increased

communication and globalization play their part, they are not the

only reasons. There is a growing realization that everything and

everyone has become very interdependent. With more than 7 bil-

lion people living on the planet, regardless of who you are, where

you live, or what you do, you are impacted by and have an impact

on the health of the planet, society, and the world economy. The

decisions we make as employees, as consumers, and as citizens on

a daily basis impact both business and the wider society.

Consider this: People are wondering what is happening to the bees.

Bees play a crucial role in the supply of the world ’s food as they are

essential for the pollination of one-third of the wo

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